Clinical application and research on acupuncture– moxibustion
Clinical application and experimental research has shown that acupuncture– maxi bastion could adjust the functions of all systems and organs of the human body and so could effectively prevent and treat diseases. Chinese medical workers have carried out extensive research programmers in the areas of clinical application of acupuncture–maxi bastion, acupuncture anesthesia and acupuncture analgesia, and have accumulated rich experience and documented significant advances.
Expanding the scope of clinical application
According to an estimate, there were approximately 200 diseases that could be treated by acupuncture–moxibustion in the 1950s. The number increased to 300 by the 1970s, of which effective treatment was available for about 100 diseases. In the meantime, acupuncture anesthesia was also being widely used.(1) In 1979, on the basis of research, the World Health Organization (WHO) began to disseminate safety indications for the use of acupuncture–moxibustion. WHO also publicized the first group of 43 acupuncture–moxi bastion-treated diseases, which involved the respiratory system, digestive system and neuromuscular– skeletal system, as well as areas such as stomatology and the five sense organs? Clinical practice shows that the indications for acupuncture–maxi bastion encompass all clinical areas, and satisfactory clinical results have been obtained, particularly in the treatment of painful diseases such as neuromuscular system diseases, squeal of cardio cerebral and visceral functional disorders, dysfunctional diseases of the endocrine system, diseases due to depressed immunity, and some allergic conditions. In addition, acupuncture– maxi bastion has certain clinical benefits in the treatment of some difficult diseases such as tumour and organic diseases in which the toxicity and sequelae are reduced.
Research on the pathological reaction of meridian points, for example, paraesthesiae, tissue abnormality, change in the volume of electric conduction and change in thermal sensitivity, has boosted the application of the diagnosis of differentiation according to the tenderness of meridians and points. Many scholars have tried to diagnose meridians and collaterals with the aid of devices developed by the modern technologies of physiology, biochemistry, acoustics, optics, electricity, thermal, magnetics and computers. These instruments not only increase the accuracy of diagnosis, but also have a good therapeutic effect.
Acupuncture anaesthesia is a new method of administering anaesthesia that is based on clinical acupuncture analgesia. This is used in the treatment of complications following surgical operation. It has been developed according to the theory of meridians and the principle of acupuncture functions. It functions mainly by needling the points along with supplementation by medicines, and is used during operations while the patient remains conscious. Acupuncture anesthesia resulted from the combination of modern anesthesiology, surgery and the neurosciences. Asculumcure analgesia in China has a history of more than 2000 years. It was introduced as early as the Yellow Emperor’s Internal Classics. Acupuncture anesthesia started in the late 1950s. On 30 August, 1958, with the cooperation of the Departments of Torino laryngologist and Acupuncture, the First Shanghai Municipal People’s Hospital replaced allopathic anesthesia by acupuncture analgesia, and successfully performed a tonsillectomy.
Indications of acupuncture treatment
The frequency and amplitude of respiratory movement, the motor function of bronchial smooth muscle, ventilation, vital capacity, airway resistance, respiratory muscle strength, and the movement of the diaphragm. Hence, it can be used for the treatment of acute and chronic bronchitis,4 bronchial asthma,5 and haemoptysis of pulmonary origin.6 Central and peripheral respiratory failure can also be treated by electric acupuncture at the points of Su Liao (GV25), Nei Guan (PC6), and Tai Chong (LV3), etc. (2) Cardio-cerebral system: 7 Acupuncture–moxibustion has an adjusting effect with the heart rate, rhythm of the heartbeat, blood pressure, function of the peripheral blood vessels, functional state of the left heart, coronary function and cerebravascular function. It can be used for the treatment of the blood vessels of the brain,8 rheumatic heart diseases and acute myocardial infarction.9 It was discovered that the treatment of wind stroke and the absorption of blood following cerebral hemorrhage can be promoted by acupuncture at Nei Guan (PC6). Following intensive research, Professor Shi Xiamen found an effective acupuncture method for the treatment of wind stroke.
Meridian, collateral and tendon diseases refer to diseases of the tendon–muscle– joint system (motor system) and the neurological system. These include, for example, various types of headache, trigeminal neuralgia, sciatica, lumbago, nostalgia, cervical spondee loath, scapulahumeral per arthritis, fasciitis, sprain, stiff neck, carpal tunnel syndrome, tenosyNovartis arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, as well as enclosing spondylitis, hyperosteogeny, hemi paralysis and numbness after wind stroke. Acupuncture–moribund steno has a special effect on the treatment of these diseases. The commonly used methods in clinical practice are the various needling methods (including elongated needling, opposing needling, short-thrust needling, nape needling, tapping and penetrating needling), point injection, moxibustion, scraping, cupping, electric needling, fire needling, collateral pricking and bloodletting, laser therapy, magnetic tape, and conductor of meridians and collaterals.